1 Minute HOWTO Guides

CentOS 4 in 1 minute

Change default language for the console:
  1. Edit /home/USERNAME/.bash_profile
  2. Add the line export LANG=de (example given for German)
Change keyboard for the console:
Edit KEYTABLE in /etc/sysconfig/keyboard
Apply software updates
To manually check and install updates, run yum update
To automatically download updates nightly, run chkconfig yum on && /etc/init.d/yum start
Install new software
yum list # lists all available software
yum list "*WORD*" # lists all available software containing WORD
yum install PACKAGE # installs PACKAGE, from the list
Where is the GUI?
It’s not installed. This is a server installation. If you still want a gui, run:
yum groupinstall "GNOME Desktop Environment" "X Window System"
gdm
Documentation/Guide
All documentation
Install VMware Tools
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CentOS 5 in 1 minute

Change default language in Gnome:
Choose language on login screen.
Change default keyboard in Gnome:
System> Control Center> Hardware> Keyboard> Layouts
Change default language for the console:
  1. Edit /home/USERNAME/.bash_profile
  2. Add the line export LANG=de (example given for German)
Change keyboard for the console:
Edit KEYTABLE in /etc/sysconfig/keyboard
Apply software updates
Edit /etc/yum/yum-updatesd.conf to have yum-updatesd download or install the updates automatically. It can also e-mail you when an update is available.
To manually check and install updates, run yum update
Install new software
yum list # lists all available software
yum list "*WORD*" # lists all available software containing WORD
yum install PACKAGE # installs PACKAGE, from the list
Documentation/Guide
All documentation
Install VMware Tools

Debian 3.1 (Sarge) in 1 minute

Change default language for the console:
  1. Edit /home/USERNAME/.bash_profile
  2. Add the line export LANG=de (example given for German)
Change keyboard for the console:
dpkg-reconfigure console-data
Apply software updates
apt-get update # refresh apt's cache
apt-get upgrade # run the upgrade
Install new software
apt-get update # refresh apt's cache
apt-cache search pkgnames # lists all available software containing
apt-cache search pkgnames | grep -i WORD # lists all software containing WORD
apt-get install PACKAGE # installs PACKAGE (found from list above)
Documentation/Guide
Documentation

Debian 4.0 (Etch) in 1 minute

Change default language for the console:
  1. Edit /home/USERNAME/.bash_profile
  2. Add the line export LANG=de (example given for German)
Change keyboard for the console:
dpkg-reconfigure console-data
Apply software updates
aptitude update # refresh apt's cache
aptitude upgrade # run the upgrade
Install new software
aptitude update # refresh apt's cache
aptitude search pkgnames # lists all available software containing
aptitude search pkgnames | grep -i WORD # lists all software containing WORD
aptitude install PACKAGE # installs PACKAGE (found from list above)
Documentation/Guide
 Documentation
Install VMware Tools

Fedora Core 4 in 1 minute

Change default language in Gnome:
Choose language on login screen.
Change default keyboard in Gnome:
Desktop> Preferences> Keyboard> Layouts
Change default language for the console:
  1. Edit /home/USERNAME/.bash_profile
  2. Add the line export LANG=de (example given for German)
Change keyboard for the console:
Edit KEYTABLE in /etc/sysconfig/keyboard
Apply software updates
yum update
Install new software
yum list # lists all available software
yum list "*WORD*" # lists all available software containing WORD
yum install PACKAGE # installs PACKAGE, from the list
Documentation/Guide
Release notes

Fedora Core 5 in 1 minute

Change default language in Gnome:
Choose language on login screen.
Change default keyboard in Gnome:
Desktop> Preferences> Keyboard> Layouts
Change default language for the console:
  1. Edit /home/USERNAME/.bash_profile
  2. Add the line export LANG=de (example given for German)
Change keyboard for the console:
Edit KEYTABLE in /etc/sysconfig/keyboard
Apply software updates
yum update
Install new software
yum list # lists all available software
yum list "*WORD*" # lists all available software containing WORD
yum install PACKAGE # installs PACKAGE, from the list
Documentation/Guide
Release notes
Install VMware Tools

Fedora Core 6 in 1 minute

Change default language in Gnome:
Choose language on login screen.
Change default keyboard in Gnome:
Desktop> Preferences> Keyboard> Layouts
Change default language for the console:
  1. Edit /home/USERNAME/.bash_profile
  2. Add the line export LANG=de (example given for German)
Change keyboard for the console:
Edit KEYTABLE in /etc/sysconfig/keyboard
Apply software updates
Updates are automatically discovered using yum-updatesd, but puplet must be running to find out about them.
To manually check and install updates, run yum update
Install new software
yum list # lists all available software
yum list "*WORD*" # lists all available software containing WORD
yum install PACKAGE # installs PACKAGE, from the list
Documentation/Guide
Release notes
Install VMware Tools

Fedora 7 in 1 minute

Change default language in Gnome:
Choose language on login screen.
Change default keyboard in Gnome:
System> Control Center> Hardware> Keyboard> Layouts
Change default language for the console:
  1. Edit /home/USERNAME/.bash_profile
  2. Add the line export LANG=de (example given for German)
Change keyboard for the console:
Edit KEYTABLE in /etc/sysconfig/keyboard
Apply software updates
Updates are automatically discovered using yum-updatesd, but puplet must be running to find out about them.
To manually check and install updates, run yum update
Install new software
yum list # lists all available software
yum list "*WORD*" # lists all available software containing WORD
yum install PACKAGE # installs PACKAGE, from the list
Documentation/Guide
Release notes
Install VMware Tools

Fedora 8 in 1 minute

Change default language in Gnome:
Choose language on login screen.
Change default keyboard in Gnome:
System> Control Center> Hardware> Keyboard> Layouts
Change default language for the console:
  1. Edit /home/USERNAME/.bash_profile
  2. Add the line export LANG=de (example given for German)
Change keyboard for the console:
Edit KEYTABLE in /etc/sysconfig/keyboard
Apply software updates
Updates are automatically discovered using yum-updatesd, but puplet must be running to find out about them.
To manually check and install updates, run yum update
Install new software
yum list # lists all available software
yum list "*WORD*" # lists all available software containing WORD
yum install PACKAGE # installs PACKAGE, from the list
Documentation/Guide
Release notes
Feature List
Install VMware Tools
Coming soon!

Fedora 9 in 1 minute

Change default language in Gnome:
Choose language on login screen.
Change default keyboard in Gnome:
System> Control Center> Hardware> Keyboard> Layouts
Change default language for the console:
  1. Edit /home/USERNAME/.bash_profile
  2. Add the line export LANG=de (example given for German)
Change keyboard for the console:
Edit KEYTABLE in /etc/sysconfig/keyboard
Apply software updates
Updates are automatically discovered using yum-updatesd, but puplet must be running to find out about them.
To manually check and install updates, run yum update
Install new software
yum list # lists all available software
yum list "*WORD*" # lists all available software containing WORD
yum install PACKAGE # installs PACKAGE, from the list
Documentation/Guide
Release notes
Feature List
Install VMware Tools

Fedora 14 in 1 minute

Change default language in Gnome:
Choose language on login screen.
Change default keyboard in Gnome:
System> Control Center> Hardware> Keyboard> Layouts
Change default language for the console:
  1. Edit /home/USERNAME/.bash_profile
  2. Add the line export LANG=de (example given for German)
Change keyboard for the console:
Edit KEYTABLE in /etc/sysconfig/keyboard
Apply software updates
Updates are automatically discovered using yum-updatesd, a notification will appear in the try area when an update is available.
To manually check and install updates, run yum update
Install new software
yum list # lists all available software
yum list "*WORD*" # lists all available software containing WORD
yum install PACKAGE # installs PACKAGE, from the list
Documentation/Guide
Release notes
Feature List
Install VMware Tools
Soon!

FreeBSD 6.x in 1 minute

Change default language for the console:
  1. Edit /home/USERNAME/.login.conf
  2. Add the lines
    me:\
    :charset=ISO-8859-1:\
    :lang=de_DE.ISO8859-1: 
    (example given for German)
Change keyboard for the console:
Run sysinstall, then Configure> Console
Networking
Run sysinstall, then Configure> Networking> Interfaces> lnc0. Let it DHCP probe for an address.
Apply software updates
For core software (i.e. not in FreeBSD ports), run freebsd-update fetch && freebsd-update install
For software installed from FreeBSD ports, look at the portupgrade tool (see pkg_info portupgrade)
Install new software
# whereis lsof # search for the package name
lsof: /usr/ports/sysutils/lsof
# cd /usr/ports
# make search name=lsof # show the package information
Port: lsof-4.56.4
Path: /usr/ports/sysutils/lsof
Info: Lists information about open files (similar to fstat(1))
Maint: obrien@FreeBSD.org
Index: sysutils
B-deps:
R-deps:
# pkg_add -r lsof # install the package
# pkg_info | grep lsof # show installed package information
# pkg_delete lsof-4.56.4 # delete a package
Documentation/Guide
FreeBSD Handbook
Wikipedia summary of FreeBSD 6.x